Brain Injury and Heart Attack: How are They Related?

Brain injury is one of the main contributors to the huge number of disabilities and deaths in the United States every year. Depending on the severity, some patients take years to fully recover. In order to recover well from brain trauma, patients have to undergo different kinds of therapy from the best brain injury rehabilitation centers.

Neulife is a rehabilitation facility that offers a comprehensive program tailored to the personal needs of each client. Learn more about their rehabilitation services in this article.

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Brain injury in numbers

Brain injury occurs when there is damage to the brain that causes temporary or permanent cognitive, psychosocial, or physical impairment. It has two general types: traumatic and non-traumatic.

Data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) shows that there were 2.87 million incidents of traumatic brain injury in 2014. A staggering 837,000 of these cases happened in children. These numbers continue to climb every year.

On the other hand, stroke, which is one of the most common non-traumatic injuries, affects 7.8 million people. This is 3.1% of the country’s adult population.

Heart attacks in numbers

A heart attack, also known as myocardial infarction, happens when a part of the heart is not receiving enough blood flow. The longer the heart is deprived of blood and oxygen, the greater the damage to the myocardium (heart muscle). Once damaged, the heart will be inefficient in pumping out blood.

One American suffers a heart attack every 40 seconds, according to the CDC. In fact, there are approximately 790,000 cases of heart attacks in the United States every year.

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Brain Injury and Heart Attacks: How are They Related?

A heart attack is one of the non-traumatic causes of brain injury mentioned in our article. This means that a person having a heart attack can also suffer from a stroke and brain injury

According to Harvard Health, the risk factors for strokes and heart attacks are almost identical. These include obesity, high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, cigarette smoking, diabetes, and a sedentary lifestyle

As mentioned previously, a heart attack happens when there is a blockage in an artery that supplies blood to the myocardium. Because of this, the blood flow to the heart is cut off, resulting in tissue damage, tissue death, and altered electrical conduction. When these happen, the heart will no longer be efficient in pumping blood throughout the body

Poor blood supply is the formula for tissue damage. This includes kidney damage and brain damage. Likewise, without the pumping movement of the heart, the blood in the blood vessels would no longer flow and will start to stagnate. In people with high cholesterol levels and diabetes, this can make the blood viscous, leading to the formation of blood clots. When these clots form, they block the artery that supplies blood to the brain tissues, which can result in an ischemic stroke

Doctors measure the stroke risk of a heart attack patient using the CHADS-VASc assessment. If the patient belongs in risk categories 1 and 2, the patient will be given appropriate pharmacologic therapies to prevent a stroke.

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Want to learn more about NeuLife brain injury rehab center?

NeuLife is a Residential Post-Acute Rehab facility specializing in brain injury rehabilitation. As one of the best brain injury rehabilitation centers in Florida, its program includes physical medicine and rehabilitation medical management, psychiatric and neuropsychological services, physical, occupational, speech, and cognitive therapies, behavioral, dietary and vocational counseling, and more. Beautifully situated on 43 acres in Mount Dora, Florida, its inpatient rehab facility comprises over 60,000 square feet and contains 54 private rooms or suites. If you would like more information about NeuLife Rehabilitation Services, please contact us.

The material contained on this site is for informational purposes only and DOES NOT CONSTITUTE THE PROVIDING OF MEDICAL ADVICE, and is not intended to be a substitute for independent professional medical judgment, advice, diagnosis, or treatment.  Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your health.

Neuroplasticity: Movement is a Medicine

Not long ago, it was believed that our brains were incapable of change throughout our entire lifespan. It was thought that our brain’s structure and development was mostly permanent following infancy and childhood. Decades of research have revolutionized our comprehension of the human brain, allowing for better recovery outcomes for patients with neurological injuries.

Our central nervous system (CNS) is comprised of our brain and spinal cord. After injuries to our CNS, such as a Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) and Spinal Cord Injury (SCI), we now incorporate principles of neuroplasticity as a key to recovery.
What is neuroplasticity?

Neuroplasticity is the ability of our brain and spinal cord to continuously rewire new neuron pathways to enhance motor learning following an injury. Our brain is the command center of our body, and neurons are different cells which specialize in communicating feedback from your body to your mind. Our brains have the capacity to form new neural circuits in response to ongoing activity. These connections are constantly becoming stronger or weaker in response to stimulation, learning, and experience. Our brain’s flexibility for change allow for new networks to enhance our movement and regain functional independence. “Neuroplasticity is also the mechanism by which damaged brain relearns lost behavior in response to rehabilitation” – Kleim & Jones 2008. We now understand our brains ability to adapt and change can occur at any stage of life.
How can Neulife Rehab support neuroplasticity?

Our model of care is based on patient-centered focus. Intensive, focused rehabilitation helps restore function and maximize feedback/feedforward mechanisms to promote long term memory. Research shows the earlier the care, the better the outcome. Neuroplasticity is best targeted by intense repetitious training that challenges the body appropriately. Our skilled therapists focus not only on repetition, but properly dosing activity to the skill level of our clients. Our rehabilitation services help drive CNS reorganization through task specific interventions. Movement is a medicine because continuous practice enhances our brains ability to relearn patterns and form new pathways to return to independence.

Variables that influence neuroplasticity:
• Aerobic exercise and resistance training: improve brain health, increase speed and signaling, improve spatial learning, and decreased DNA damage
• Intensity: frequency, duration, and difficulty
• Repetition
• Use it or lose it: failure to influence movement can lead to functional decline
• Mood: mental health plays a vital role because stress, depression, and fear can negatively influence recovery
• Experience (Activity)
• Age: young brains are more plastic to change
• Sleep
• Hormones
• Cardiorespiratory function
• Pharmaceuticals
• Disease

Brain Injury and Heart Attack: How are They Related?

Brain injury is one of the main contributors to the huge number of disabilities and deaths in the United States every year. Depending on the severity, some patients take years to fully recover. In order to recover well from brain trauma, patients have to undergo different kinds of therapy from the best brain injury rehabilitation centers

Neulife is a rehabilitation facility that offers a comprehensive program tailored to the personal needs of each client. Learn more about their rehabilitation services in this article.

Brain injury in numbers

Brain injury occurs when there is damage to the brain that causes temporary or permanent cognitive, psychosocial, or physical impairment. It has two general types: traumatic and non-traumatic

Data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) shows that there were 2.87 million incidents of traumatic brain injury in 2014. A staggering 837,000 of these cases happened in children. These numbers continue to climb every year.

On the other hand, stroke, which is one of the most common non-traumatic injuries, affects 7.8 million people. This is 3.1% of the country’s adult population

Heart attacks in numbers

A heart attack, also known as myocardial infarction, happens when a part of the heart is not receiving enough blood flow. The longer the heart is deprived of blood and oxygen, the greater the damage to the myocardium (heart muscle). Once damaged, the heart will be inefficient in pumping out blood.

One American suffers a heart attack every 40 seconds, according to the CDC. In fact, there are approximately 790,000 cases of heart attacks in the United States every year.

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Brain Injury and Heart Attacks: How are They Related?

A heart attack is one of the non-traumatic causes of brain injury mentioned in our article. This means that a person having a heart attack can also suffer from a stroke and brain injury.

According to Harvard Health, the risk factors for strokes and heart attacks are almost identical. These include obesity, high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, cigarette smoking, diabetes, and a sedentary lifestyle.

As mentioned previously, a heart attack happens when there is a blockage in an artery that supplies blood to the myocardium. Because of this, the blood flow to the heart is cut off, resulting in tissue damage, tissue death, and altered electrical conduction. When these happen, the heart will no longer be efficient in pumping blood throughout the body.

Poor blood supply is the formula for tissue damage. This includes kidney damage and brain damage. Likewise, without the pumping movement of the heart, the blood in the blood vessels would no longer flow and will start to stagnate. In people with high cholesterol levels and diabetes, this can make the blood viscous, leading to the formation of blood clots. When these clots form, they block the artery that supplies blood to the brain tissues, which can result in an ischemic stroke.

Doctors measure the stroke risk of a heart attack patient using the CHADS-VASc assessment. If the patient belongs in risk categories 1 and 2, the patient will be given appropriate pharmacologic therapies to prevent a stroke.

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Want to learn more about NeuLife brain injury rehab center?

NeuLife is a Residential Post-Acute Rehab facility specializing in brain injury rehabilitation. As one of the best brain injury rehabilitation centers in Florida, its program includes physical medicine and rehabilitation medical management, psychiatric and neuropsychological services, physical, occupational, speech, and cognitive therapies, behavioral, dietary and vocational counseling, and more. Beautifully situated on 43 acres in Mount Dora, Florida, its inpatient rehab facility comprises over 60,000 square feet and contains 54 private rooms or suites. If you would like more information about NeuLife Rehabilitation Services, please contact us.

The material contained on this site is for informational purposes only and DOES NOT CONSTITUTE THE PROVIDING OF MEDICAL ADVICE, and is not intended to be a substitute for independent professional medical judgment, advice, diagnosis, or treatment.  Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your health.

Parkinson’s disease, how can Neulife assist you?

Parkinson’s disease is currently classified as the second most common degenerative brain disorder affecting 7 to 10 million people worldwide.  Within the United States, Parkinson’s affects 1 million Americans. Parkinson’s disease is primarily related to a disturbance in dopamine within the brain. Dopamine is a brain chemical that affects controlled movement, sleep, ability to learn and retain information, mood, attention, and decision making.

Parkinson’s disease includes four cardinal signs and symptoms. Resting tremor is typically seen, which is a shaking or oscillating movement.  Next bradykinesia, which is a slowness of movement.  Rigidity is an increase in resistance to passive motion and feeling stiff. And lastly, postural instability which manifests in several ways affecting balance, coordination, and individuals may demonstrate a shuffling walking pattern.

Neulife Rehab empowers clients to manage, control, and progress toward their goals through fun and novel interventions by certified therapists in all disciplines including: physical therapy, speech therapy, occupational therapy, and mental health. Studies show results are better when treatment is started early. Our holistic treatment approach through physical, dietary, and mental wellbeing assist in enhancing our clients to reach their maximal potential.

Two of our clinicians are certified in the leading evidence-based intervention for Parkinson’s disease called LSVT-BIG for physical therapy treatment, and LSVT-LOUD for speech therapy.  Exercising will improve muscle strength, flexibility, and coordination/balance, as well as reduce anxiety/depression. We emphasize motor learning, sensory-motor integration, and agility. LSVT-BIG is based on the concept of repetitive high amplitude movement to improve our clients’ performance and safety with functional mobility.

Our personalized plan of care work on our clients’ specific needs, regardless of the stage of their condition. LSVT-LOUD is customized to recalibrate a client’s perception of speech to improve their voice and communication. Speech therapy will also provide strategies to enhance memory and cognitive reasoning.

Activities of daily living (ADL) including: dressing, bathing, eating, or writing may be difficult for individuals with Parkinson’s disease. Our occupational therapy services will teach techniques to make ADLs more manageable. Our occupational therapists may suggest adaptations and modifications to advance accessibly, thus increasing client independence.

We hope to put this important topic in the spotlight this month, and bring awareness to a neurological disease that affects so many.

What to expect during Post-acute Rehabilitation?

You might be hospitalized for several reasons, such as having an injury or illness, and a healthcare professional might have advised you to do post-acute rehabilitation before you are discharged from the hospital. This service is an additional therapy to ensure that you are recovering well from your injury or illness.

You want to choose a rehabilitation center which will be providing you with the care that you need. Your full recovery starts there and then.

 

Here is a list of what you should expect during your rehabilitation stay.

  • You will undergo a series of evaluations

On the initial phase of your treatment, you will need to undergo a series of evaluations with your doctor. The series of test may include physical, functional and cognitive assessments. These evaluations are necessary steps for creating a treatment therapy that will work for you best.

  • You will be working with highly trained health professionals

A group of highly skilled health professionals will guide you throughout the rehabilitation to make sure all of your needs are met. They will help you get your independence and overall well-being back. You will receive care from nurses, occupational therapist, physical therapist, social workers, dieticians, psychiatrists, and speech and language pathologists.

  • You will receive a combination of treatment therapies

Post-acute rehab is less intensive compared to acute rehabilitation. Most treatments depend on the care that your condition requires. They may include home health care, stay in facility, or outpatient therapy. They provide 2-3 hours therapy sessions such as:

  • Physical therapy

This therapy utilizes therapeutic exercises and physical modalities, such as a massage, heat treatment, exercise, electrotherapy, assistive devices, and patient education and therapy. The treatment aims to restore impaired movement and physical function.

  • Occupational therapy

Occupational therapy is a method used in helping people recuperate from physical and mental ailments. It enables patients to restore their function and independence.

  • Speech and language therapy

Speech and language therapy is a treatment, which helps people with communicating, eating, drinking and swallowing difficulties.

  • Cognitive behavior therapy

It is a type of psychotherapy for people who are experiencing anxiety, depression and other physical and mental disorders. The process alters negative patterns and emotions by modifying them into positive ones.

Every progress you will have during your treatment program will be recorded to know if it’s time to initiate a discharge plan. The benefit of post-acute rehab is the ability to have support and guidance from healthcare professionals. Each specialist provides therapy that supports your overall treatment plan.

Post-acute rehabilitation is offered by  Neulife Rehab, who provide an environment that is conducive to people recovering from injuries and ailments.  With Neulife, rest assured as you will receive all the care you need to speed up your treatment journey.

The material contained on this site is for informational purposes only and DOES NOT CONSTITUTE THE PROVIDING OF MEDICAL ADVICE, and is not intended to be a substitute for independent professional medical judgment, advice, diagnosis, or treatment.  Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your health.