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Why Some Traumatic Brain Injuries Cause Seizures?

A seizure occurs when there is an abrupt and uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain. There are many causes of seizure, and one of them is a brain injury. Not all traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients suffer from seizures. Depending on the location of damage in the brain, seizures happen in around 10-50% of TBI patients. In most cases, these will occur within the first weeks following the injury, but it’s not uncommon for some patients to have a seizure years after the injury happened. 

Risk of Seizure

The risk of developing a seizure, even later in life for TBI patients, will depend on the severity of the brain injury, the depression in the skull, the presence of hematoma, and the depth of wound in penetrating injuries. The risk is actually higher within the first two years post-injury, but it could gradually decline if the patient is taking medications or undergoing therapy.

According to the Epilepsy Foundation, seizures that begin at least a week after the injury often become recurrent, a condition known as Post-Traumatic Epilepsy (PTE). Half of the patients with PTE will experience a remission if they keep up their medications and therapy for at least five years.

There are also other factors that may put a TBI patient at risk of having a seizure, such as:

  • Drug or alcohol use
  • Poor sleeping conditions
  • Frequent fatigue
  • Having high-grade fever
  • Lack of sodium or magnesium in the body
  • High calcium intake
  • Stress

These conditions can be controlled or avoided with the right therapy and consistent treatment. For some, a lifestyle change, including learning stress-reducing techniques, may also be helpful. 

Warning Signs to Watch Out For

TBI patients often develop warning signs before a seizure occurs. Some refer to this as “preictal auras,” which include physical indications like:

  • developing blurry vision
  • seeing stars or bright lights 
  • smelling something burning
  • tasting strange sensation in the mouth
  • forgetfulness
  • uncontrollable jerking of the limbs
  • falling on the floor for no reason
  • numbness or stiffness in the body
  • rapid eye blinking
  • incontinence

Detecting these early warning signs will help mitigate the risks, especially if interventions are made. Prompt medical intervention is often the key to saving a patient’s life following a brain injury. Thereafter, timely therapy and rehabilitation in one of the best brain injury rehabilitation centers are vital to the full recovery of TBI patients.

It is essential for patients, and their family members, to learn about their condition and to understand the best measures they need to adopt to prevent seizures.

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Where to find the best neuro rehabilitation near me?

NeuLife Rehabilitation is one of the largest brain injury residential facilities specializing in rehabilitation for a wide range of catastrophic injuries. We are accredited by the Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities (CARF) in Brain Injury Specialty Programs and Residential Rehabilitation to provide high-quality care to our patients.

Learn more about Neulife Rehab – one of the best brain injury rehabilitation centers in the area

At Neulife Rehab, our professional staff make sure that you and your family are being taken care of by the best specialists in the area. We encourage you to find out more about our facility and our programs.

NEULIFE REHABILITATION REMAINS OPEN AND DILIGENT THROUGH THE COVID-19 CRISIS. We remain open for business with the ability to admit those in need of ongoing Post-Acute Rehabilitation Services. Our first priority is the safety of our patients and valuable team members.

If you have any questions at all, we are here for you. Call us or make a referral using our easy to navigate and convenient online form. We are looking forward to helping you achieve your recovery goals.

The material contained on this site is for informational purposes only and DOES NOT CONSTITUTE THE PROVIDING OF MEDICAL ADVICE, and is not intended to be a substitute for independent professional medical judgment, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your health.

5 Speech Therapy Strategies After Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

TBI Therapy Goals

The goal of post-acute TBI rehabilitation is to assist the patient in the process of achieving the most autonomous level of functioning conceivable. But achieving independence in communication is always one of the most important needs expressed by TBI patients.  

Speech therapy often takes place in a post-acute brain injury rehabilitation facility intended expressly for the treatment of patients with traumatic brain injury. 

This type of environment permits intensive, long-term rehabilitation by speech-language pathologists (SLPs), physical therapists, occupational therapists, and neuropsychologists at a time when the patient can best profit from such therapy. If you’re wondering, “but… is there such a facility near me?”, then read the whole article because we share this information at the end.

There are 6 different strategies used in post-acute speech therapy in patients with TBI, depending on the level and type of their injuries, type of communication problems, or personal abilities. They can be used separately or combined.

1. Therapies for Dysarthria

A brain injury that impairs the nerves in the brain that control muscles can damage speech. A patient may slur words, or the speech sounds can be slow, too weak, or sound stifled, like a mumble. The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) refers to this condition as dysarthria.

The speech therapist’s objective involves developing the patient’s speech coherence. Rehabilitation includes exercises to regulate lip and tongue coordination, increase breath support, and improve muscle power in the mouth, jaw, tongue, and throat.

2. Therapies for Aphasia

A different condition associated with brain injury is aphasia, where patients have trouble voicing sounds and syllables. They know what words they want to say, but have difficulty sequencing them. They can’t find the right words.

The speech therapist’s objective for aphasia includes exercises to slow the pace of speech and enunciate words accurately. If the condition is severe, the therapist may add a communication device to facilitate communication:

  • No-tech communication tools: signaling and pointing. 
  • Low-tech communication tools: pen and paper, a whiteboard or images. 
  • High-tech communication tools: text-to-speech apps, communication apps, communication devices.

Learn more about aphasia from this TED-Ed video:

3. Improving Memory

Memory is very important for speech and communication. A speech therapist frequently introduces memory support to support language building skills for the brain injury patient.  

The SLP takes the time to train the patient on how to use memory aids, such as a memory log, calendar, documented schedule, or a log, to improve memory. With the help of exercises, they help the patient develop competency as well as communication.

4. Improving Social Language Skills

According to ASHA, people with TBI may need to learn from the beginning how to read nonverbal signs such as body language and facial expressions. They may equally need to learn how to react to a typical conversation.

Developing social language skills may let the patient counterbalance other speech problems they face, like understandability. Patients can learn to compensate with facial expressions, eye contact, and gestures to enhance their communication.

Speech therapists usually work with individuals in smaller groups to strengthen these social language skills.

5. Improving Cognitive Communication Skills

As part of their post-acute brain injury rehabilitation, individuals with brain injuries may find it difficult to process new information, so they will also need to acquire skills for planning and composing their thoughts. 

They need to be able to ask relevant questions, concentrate on tasks, and remember names and numbers. When completing steps to any presented task, they need to learn to recall the peculiar sequence as well as any safety precautions. A speech therapist consolidates these goals with the rehabilitation plan.

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Continued Support for Brain Injury Recovery

Patients with traumatic brain injury need continuous assistance. Studies show that only 3% of TBI patients use speech therapy 10 years after the injury occurrence. The speech therapist plays one role among many crucial ones on the patient’s path to brain injury healing.

If you have any questions about speech therapy after a TBI, contact NeuLife Rehabilitation

NeuLife Rehabilitation –  post-acute brain injury rehabilitation facility

NeuLife Rehabilitation is one of the best TBI rehab centers with specialized catastrophic rehabilitation programs for a wide range of catastrophic injuries. 

Our programs for neuro rehab, including cognitive therapy, are customized to meet the individual needs of each patient, and care plans are structured to promote the highest level of functional independence and successful community reintegration. Through the skills and experience of our highly trained team of clinical experts, including speech therapists, we are able to treat a wide range of diagnoses and injuries at our brain injury facility.

If you have any more questions concerning post-acute brain injury rehabilitation or any other issue regarding brain injury, call us to make an appointment today. You can also schedule a tour to visit our best brain injury facility. 

Sources: 

https://www.ncmedicaljournal.com/content/ncm/76/2/105.full.pdf 

https://www.brainline.org/article/traumatic-brain-injury-cognitive-and-communication-disorders 

The material contained on this site is for informational purposes only and DOES NOT CONSTITUTE THE PROVIDING OF MEDICAL ADVICE, and is not intended to be a substitute for independent professional medical judgment, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your health.

How COVID-19 Affects Post-acute Residential Rehabilitation for TBI Patients

Residential rehabilitation programs are necessary for some patients who have to undergo consistent therapy. Throughout post-acute rehabilitation, patients are assisted, monitored, and supervised by trained personnel so that they can recover well. Some traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients are on these programs because they need 24-hour support and assistance for their daily activities, medications, and behavioral management.

However, the COVID-19 pandemic has affected TBI patients in residential rehabilitation programs in more ways than anticipated. Here are just some of the problems being faced by some rehab centers:

1. Limited visitors 

Because of social distancing or stay-at-home orders to prevent the spread of the virus, post-acute rehabilitation facilities temporarily limit the number of visitors for TBI patients. This could trigger a psychological effect because the patient is not getting support from their caregivers or family members.

Studies show that emotional support is vital to the recovery of TBI patients who may be experiencing feelings of anxiety, depression, and anger, among other emotional issues. At Neulife Rehab, we make sure that patients get the emotional and moral support they need as the situation requires.

2. Stress to the patients and relatives

Recovering from TBI is already stressful enough for patients and their relatives, even without the threat of a pandemic, and some TBI patients may already be suffering from anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder. Stress also makes the immune system vulnerable, which is the last thing we all need in the time of COVID-19

There’s also an added stress on rehabilitation workers to ensure that the facility is safe. So as well as helping TBI patients with their therapies and health issues, healthcare workers need to ensure that the facility is virus-free and that staff members observe the measures in place to prevent the spread of the virus. 

Since the start of this pandemic, staying at home has been actively encouraged. Some patients have opted to attend virtual rehabilitation programs and join online support groups. Although these sound like good alternatives, patients can recover better when admitted to a post-acute rehabilitation facility as well equipped and staffed as Neulife Rehab.

Aside from having a supportive community that understands what you need and why you need it, you also have a structured day that lets you focus on getting better and nothing else. One more benefit of residential rehabilitation is direct contact with rehab experts, something that is not possible in virtual rehabilitation. These factors can ease the patient’s stress levels and their loved ones’ as well, knowing that the patient is in good hands.

3. Shortage of staff

In this public health crisis, rehabilitation staff may also be limited in some areas as workers might be called upon to take care of COVID-19 cases instead of TBI patients. While remote, home visits, or telemedicine may be possible, the level of service and care might not be enough to meet the needs of a TBI patient compared to what a residential rehab can provide. At Neulife Rehab, we make sure that there are enough staff and experts who will attend to the needs of our patients.

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Learn more about Neulife Rehab

NeuLife Rehabilitation is one of the largest brain injury residential facilities specializing in rehabilitation for a wide range of catastrophic injuries. We are accredited by the Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities (CARF) in Brain Injury Specialty Programs and Residential Rehabilitation.

We would like to inform you that NEULIFE REHABILITATION REMAINS OPEN AND DILIGENT THROUGH THE COVID-19 CRISIS. We remain open for business with the ability to admit those in need of ongoing Post-Acute Rehabilitation Services. Our first priority is the safety of our patients and valuable team members.

Our professional staff make sure that you and your family are being taken care of by the best specialists in the area. We encourage you to find out more about our facility and our programs. 

Here are some tips on how to choose a residential rehab in the time of COVID-19. If you have any questions at all, we are here for you. Call us or make a referral using our easy to navigate and convenient online form. We are looking forward to helping you achieve your recovery goals.

The material contained on this site is for informational purposes only and DOES NOT CONSTITUTE THE PROVIDING OF MEDICAL ADVICE, and is not intended to be a substitute for independent professional medical judgment, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your health.

What to Consider When Choosing a Residential Neurorehabilitation Center In The Time of COVID-19

The COVID-19 pandemic has interrupted many basic and essential services as cases continue to rise. It’s also raising concerns and anxieties as more restrictions are imposed to slow down the spread of the virus.

In these uncertain times, you could be in a dilemma about committing to a residential neurorehabilitation center. Should you go ahead and still seek treatment? Here are some things to think about in considering a facility in the time of COVID-19.

1. Does the facility have COVID-19 safety measures in place?

According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), people with compromised immune systems are most at risk for COVID-19. If you need neurorehabilitation then you’re likely suffering from pain, disorders, reduced bodily functions, and other conditions that have impaired your nervous system. 

By seeking rehabilitation then you can get the right treatment from a team of experts and medical professionals. At Neulife brain injury residential facilities, we are taking strict precautionary measures and following the coronavirus guidelines imposed by the CDC and the government to ensure the health and safety of everyone at the facility.

For everyone’s safety and peace of mind, we conduct daily screening on our staff and we do not allow anyone with symptoms to enter the facility.

2. Does the facility have protocols for sessions and visitations? 

During COVID-19, experts are recommending limiting social interaction and face-to-face meetings. At Neulife Rehab, we are restricting all visitation to our facility in light of the current health crisis. Our facility also complies with the mandate of the State of Florida, so we have canceled all tours and events temporarily.

3. Is housekeeping also COVID-19 ready?

Aside from social distancing practices and limiting social contact, our facility also performs stringent measures of disinfection and cleaning to avoid any form of contamination. All our staff and medical personnel strictly observe hand washing as well as necessary precautionary measures.

4. Is the facility responsive to the needs of patients?

The COVID-19 outbreak doesn’t change the need for neuro patients to undergo rehabilitation. After all, this is why our patients are here, to achieve full recovery. At Neulife Rehab, we make sure that we have available employees who will continue to provide patients with high-quality care. We make sure that our services remain accessible and available to patients who need them.

Where to find the best neuro rehab near me?

NeuLife Rehabilitation is one of the largest brain injury residential facilities specializing in rehabilitation for a wide range of catastrophic injuries. We are accredited by the Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities (CARF) in Brain Injury Specialty Programs and Residential Rehabilitation.

We would like to inform you that NEULIFE REHABILITATION REMAINS OPEN AND DILIGENT THROUGH THE COVID-19 CRISIS. We remain open for business with the ability to admit those in need of ongoing Post-Acute Rehabilitation Services. Our first priority is the safety of our patients and valuable team members.

Our professional staff make sure that you and your family are being taken care of by the best specialists in the area. We encourage you to find out more about our facility and our programs. If you have any questions at all, we are here for you. Call us or make a referral using our easy to navigate and convenient online form. We are looking forward to helping you achieve your recovery goals.

Green Soy Health Benefits Infographic - What to Consider When Choosing a Residential Neurorehabilitation Center In The Time of COVID-19

The material contained on this site is for informational purposes only and DOES NOT CONSTITUTE THE PROVIDING OF MEDICAL ADVICE, and is not intended to be a substitute for independent professional medical judgment, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your health.

Veteran’s Rehabilitation Program at NeuLife Rehabilitation

Military service may take a heavy toll on one’s body. The price that the heroic men and women of the U.S. military pay for their service can be extremely high. For this reason, NeuLife Rehabilitation proudly helps Veterans and their families overcome life-altering consequences of their patriotic service to our country. 

Neulife offers veterans rehabilitation at our brain injury residential facility. Whether your loved one suffers from PTSD, a TBI, or stroke, we can offer guidance and rehabilitation services to help them to reclaim their life. 

The goal of post-acute rehabilitation for veterans with brain injuries is to  improve not only your loved one’s health but also help prepare them for life at home, work, and within the community. With the help of a specialized rehabilitation team, an individualized road map to recovery will be developed. 

At Neulife we value the education of family members so they can better understand their loved one’s diagnosis. Family involvement is critical to the success of patients once they return home. Often veterans have unique rehabilitation needs dependent upon certain medical diagnoses.

The real cost of trauma

The advancement in medical technology has allowed many servicemen to survive severe injuries, but for many survival came at the cost of traumatic limb amputations and associated mental scarring, which, in itself may lead to devastating outcomes. 

Apart from disabling physical injuries, veterans experience mental health disorders, substance abuse-related disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and traumatic brain injury (TBI) at disproportionate rates compared to their civilian counterparts. Every day, an average of twenty American veterans commit suicide. The numbers are staggering and young veterans aged 18–44 are most at risk, according to the National Institutes of Health

PTSD

Military personnel exposed to the traumatic events of combat, assault, serious injury, and ultimately the threat of death, may have to deal with the consequences of such exposure long after the distressing event has ended or the threat has been removed. 

Whether directly or indirectly witnessed, the experience is ingrained in the memory and often leads to traumatic event flashbacks, trouble sleeping, nightmares, anxiety, anger or susceptibility to alcohol and drug abuse. 

When these symptoms persist and have long-lasting negative effects on one’s life it could be Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). The rate of PTSD may be up to 15 times higher in active duty service members compared to civilians.

TBI

Center for Disease Control defines a traumatic brain injury (TBI) as a disruption in the normal function of the brain that can be caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head, or a penetrating head injury. TBI in military personnel usually results from close contact with an explosion, often in the form of a significant blow to the head or body.

Symptoms vary and depend on the severity of TBI, but may include headaches, fatigue or drowsiness, slurred speech, memory problems, mood changes, and mood swings, unusual behavior, convulsions, and seizures – according to the National Alliance of Mental Illness

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The number of veterans returning from overseas with a brain injury has risen from 10,000 in 2000 to approximately 20,000 today. It is likely due to a combination of identification and increased incidence. As a result, there is an increased need for rehabilitation for veterans.

Stroke 

Strokes are the fourth leading cause of death in the United States, accounting for 1 out of every 18 deaths. 

A stroke is essentially an attack on an organ, similar to a heart attack, but on the brain. Blood supply to the brain is cut off usually due to a clot (ischemic stroke). The second type of stroke is a hemorrhagic stroke which causes bleeding in and around the brain. There are also transient ischemic strokes (TIA) which is a “mini-stroke” with symptoms that last less than 24 hours. 

Veterans with mental health conditions have a higher risk of stroke. Specifically, anxiety, depression, psychosis, and bipolar disorder pose an increased risk. 

Another study found young and middle-aged veterans with PTSD have an elevated risk of stroke. It is thought that exposure or memories of trauma increase inflammation in the body leading to an increased risk of clots leading to stroke. It is an area of growing public health concerns for veterans and other sufferers of PTSD.

Approximately 6,000 VA admissions are due to stroke and the costs are staggering:

  • $111 million for acute inpatient care
  • $75 million for post-acute inpatient care
  • $88 million for follow up care in the first six months

Based on this research, it is imperative for mental health to be considered when evaluating the risk of one or repeat strokes in veterans.

How Veteran’s Rehabilitation Programs at NeuLife works

The veteran’s administration recognizes the importance of stroke rehabilitation. Veterans qualify for assistance for post-acute rehabilitation. In order to qualify, they must have served 90 days in active duty during wartime and meet pension requirements. 

As a registered residential treatment facility through the VA Choice Program, and an organization managed and operated by many Veterans, our dedication to those who have served our country runs deep. Our plans for Veterans range from residential rehabilitation to tailored outpatient services. 

NeuLife’s residential rehabilitation provides personalized care to treat the difficult challenges of TBI and PTSD with the singular purpose of achieving the best possible outcome for the Veterans. Our post-acute rehab programs and care plans, guided by an interdisciplinary team of clinical experts, are structured to promote the highest level of functional independence and successful community re-integration. 

In addition to individualized treatments, we also work closely with relatives to address issues that may affect the family as a whole. We proudly accept referrals from the Veterans Administration (VA).

If your loved one is in need of a neurological rehabilitation center, Neulife can offer the guidance, support, and assistance you need. We offer a customized neuro rehabilitation program depending on specific patient needs. 

Programs are designed to optimize patient coordination, strength, movement, balance, muscle function, and overall wellness. The end goal of post-acute rehabilitation is for your loved one to regain functioning and independence, with improvement in overall quality of life. 

To learn more about post acute rehab and residential veterans rehabilitation contact us, or schedule a tour! Call us at 800-626-3876, or send us an email on info@neuliferehab.com. Visit us at 2725 Robie Avenue, Mount Dora, Florida 32757.

 

The material contained on this site is for informational purposes only and DOES NOT CONSTITUTE THE PROVIDING OF MEDICAL ADVICE, and is not intended to be a substitute for independent professional medical judgment, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Â Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your health.